For the key items still left on the technology industry’s legislative
agenda, the final session of the 108th Congress has come down to wishing and
hoping and not much else.
The lame duck Congress will convene Tuesday afternoon and tentatively plans final adjournment on Friday. The four days leave little time to work out
compromises on a host of technology issues, including a renewal of the
Internet access tax moratorium, stock option expensing and cybersecurity
Any unresolved technology issues in the 108th Congress will be passed on to
the 109th Congress, which will convene in January. Bills not passed by the
end of the 108th have to start all over again in the 109th, a process that
often takes the full two years of a legislative session.
Extending the now expired Internet access tax moratorium is one of the top
priorities of the tech lobby, but hopes for a new ban on Internet connection
taxes now appears to be wishful thinking, according to a cross section of
tech industry groups and congressional offices contacted by
“I think they’ll put it off to next year as part of telecom reform,” said Bruce
Hahn, director of public affairs at the tech trade group The Computing Technology Industry Association (CompTIA).
“There’s some chance, though, it will get passed.”
Bartlett Cleland, the associate general counsel for the Information
Technology Association of America (ITAA), said his group was still hopeful of passage, adding, “Of course, we’ve been led to believe many times it will
be addressed before the end of the session. We’re at the end now.”
Both the House and the Senate have passed legislation approving a new tax
ban on Internet connections, but the differences between the two measures
are considerable. The House favors a permanent extension and removes the
grandfather clause for states that were taxing dial-up or DSL connections
when the ban was originally passed in 1998.
The Senate version proposes a four-year package that keeps the grandfather
provisions. Although the House bill passed in September of last year and the
Senate legislation was approved in April, the two chambers have been unable
to reach a compromise. Both sides have said they support a new ban and have
continuously promised legislation will get passed.
“[Congress] has been sending that message for the last four months but
they’re still having a hard time coughing up that hairball,” Cleland said.
If Congress fails to act, Cleland said it would be sending a “horrible
message to the states.” Since the ban expired last November, no state has
moved to tax Internet access. If Congress fails to pass a new moratorium,
there will be a “different thought process in the states” when their
legislatures begin convening in January.
The offices of Senators George Allen (R-Vir.) and Ron Wyden (D-Ore.), two
key supporters of the tax ban, refused to comment on the status of the
Push on to Promote Cybersecurity Chief
The tech lobby is also pushing hard for two cybersecurity issues currently
included in the intelligence reform bill. Bob Cohen of the ITAA said the
legislation contains provisions that expedite security clearances and
promotes the director of cybersecurity at the Department of Homeland Defense
to an assistant secretary.
The ITAA says clearance reform is needed to overhaul backlogged and outdated
processes for investigating and adjudicating security clearances that date
back to the Eisenhower administration, delaying programs “critical to the
nation’s homeland security.”
According to ITAA President Harris Miller, security clearance reform should
allow individual agencies currently conducting clearance investigations and
adjudications to continue while making them accountable to a single federal
“ITAA believes that no single federal agency can conduct investigations for
the entire federal government without greatly expanding the current backlog
of security clearances,” Miller said in a statement last week. The ITAA is
also calling for reciprocal recognition of clearances at the same level
across different government agencies for both government and contractor
As for the new cybersecurity position, Miller said, “It is vitally important
that there be one full-time, government employee that is responsible for
cyber security. We need someone with the authority to take technology off of
the table for terrorists and criminals.”