Download the authoritative guide: Cloud Computing 2019: Using the Cloud for Competitive AdvantageWe all know that Linux is available free of cost, so we're going to skip that argument and consider things from a functional perspective. We'd like to discuss a few of the basic things people really need to do with servers, and try to figure out which operating system is best suited for these roles.
The management decision to run Unix or Windows will certainly be biased toward the operating system your administrators are most familiar with. Next comes careful consideration of the role of the specific server. Will a Web server running on Windows provide the same features as a Web server running on Linux? Can you really serve files to Windows clients with a Unix-based Samba server? How easy is it to update software on your chosen server? Let's find out.
Web servers are very important, yet people tend to underestimate the security and performance issues associated with them. The number one vector of attack is through vulnerable Web servers. The popular Apache web server is constantly releasing security updates, but does this mean it's insecure? Well, no. Despite what some competitors want you to think, this means just the opposite. It does take a fair amount of time to maintain open source software, though. Compare that to the cost of running Microsoft's IIS server, and the cost-benefit tradeoff quickly becomes clear. With IIS you get updates periodically, an insecure default setup, and many reasons to increase your antacid intake.