Open Source in the Next Computing Wave

Open source software has been both benefactor and beneficiary of the “Internet wave” of computing during which large-scale, network-connected computing architectures built from relatively standardized hardware and software components have came into their own. The Nineties may have been the years when small workgroup systems running operating systems such as NetWare and Windows NT arrived throughout the business world in a big way. But the Noughts have made distributed systems a core part of almost every datacenter.
Today, a fresh set of trends and technologies is changing the way that we build computing systems and operate them. Two of the biggest are virtualization and cloud computing. Virtualization effectively decouples operating systems and their applications from server hardware, and thereby makes it easier to physically move them from one machine to another. Cloud computing is changing where applications run—from on-premise to out-in-the-network.

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