Back to article
Upgrading Windows XP to Windows 7: Advice and ShortcutsBy Andy Rathbone
September 28, 2009
About the author: Acclaimed Windows expert Andy Rathbone has written numerous Windows for Dummies guidebooks since 1992. His Windows review for Datamation Why I Like Windows 7 became an Internet classic. In this guide to upgrading from Windows XP to Windows 7 he provides a sneak peak of his book due this October, Windows 7 For Dummies.
For all its excitement, Windows 7 lets down the folks who might need it the most: the 60 percent of PC owners currently running Windows XP. Microsoft didnt bother providing an upgrade path from Windows XP to Windows 7.
Windows Vista owners can simply insert their Windows 7 upgrade DVD into their PC and push a few buttons; Windows 7 quietly assumes control, leaving the programs and files intact.
Windows XP owners, by contrast, must back up their PCs files, install Windows 7, reinstall their programs, and copy their data back to their PC all the while, hoping nothing goes wrong.
Ive brought Windows XP over to Windows 7 many times in the past few months; here are a few tips to help make your transition as smooth as possible.
Stick with the 32-bit version of Windows 7
Microsoft conveniently tosses two Windows 7 DVDs into each Windows 7 box. Thats right, each box contains both the 32-bit and 64-bit version of Windows 7. (Of course, you only receive one activation key.)
Most upgraders should stick with 32-bit. The 64-bit version can handle 4GB of memory or more, but thats a rarity among Windows XP PCs. Also, the 64-bit version requires 64-bit drivers, rather than the more common 32-bit drivers used over the years. Since most Windows XP PCs are running on older hardware, the required 64-bit drivers are still scarce.
If youre still considering a move to 64-bit, first download and run Steve Gibsons free Securable program to see if your PC supports 64-bit.
Buy the upgrade version of Windows 7
A Windows 7 upgrade disc, cheaper than the full install version, works fine to migrate your Windows XP PC to Windows 7. If you dont have a legitimate, activated copy of Windows XP or Windows Vista installed on your hard drive, though, youll need to pony up for the full CD.
Before installing Windows 7, rename your XP partition for easy identification
Many PCs contain several hard drives, and some drives contain several partitions. When installing Windows 7 or working with partition managers, youll need to find your Windows XP partition among a group of lookalikes.
To make your XP partition easier to spot, rename it: Open My Computer, right-click your C: drive, and choose Rename. Then rename the partition to XP. That names easier to spot than the traditional name, Local Disk.
Consider buying a newer, faster hard drive
Many Windows XP PCs still run on their originally installed hard drive a turtle compared to todays drives. Moving to Windows 7 is a perfect time to buy a faster, larger drive for your desktop PC. Install the second drive in your PC, and copy your XP partition to the new drive using a free partition manager like EASEUS Partition Master (Home Edition). Then remove and save your old drive as a backup a safety net in case something goes wrong.
Dont worry if your newly copied XP partition only consumes a small portion of your fast new drives capacity. After installing Windows 7, fire up its Disk Management program to expand the partition to fill the size of your drive.
Make a backup copy of your Windows XP partition
To cast the largest safety net, save a backup copy of your Windows XP partition onto a portable hard drive. EASEUS or any other partition managers can do this job easily especially since your renamed XP drive will be easy to spot.
Move large files off your PC before installing Windows 7
Moving to Windows 7 means copying your files off your PC, then copying them right back on after upgrading. Unfortunately, Windows Easy Transfer isnt a speed demon.
If your huge stash of music, photos or videos lives on the same partition as Windows XP, youre in for a long transfer process. To speed things up, manually copy those huge file stashes to a portable hard drive, or to a different partition than the one where Windows 7 will live. That keeps the much slower Windows Easy Transfer from handling the job.
Spot potential problems using Windows Upgrade Advisor
Let Microsofts Windows Upgrade Advisor sniff out potential problems with your PCs programs and drivers before they become showstoppers. For example, make sure the advisor says your PCs network adapters will work with Windows 7. With a working Internet connection, Windows 7 can connect to the Internet during the installation process, grabbing drivers needed by your PCs other parts.
By downloading and running Microsofts Upgrade Advisor now, youll also know what incompatible programs will need replacing.