"It is the common fate of the indolent to see their rights become a prey to the active. The condition upon which God hath given liberty to man is eternal vigilance; which condition if he break, servitude is at once the consequence of his crime and the punishment of his guilt."
In the United States, we have a massive problem with our need for a national ID card, but we're doing nothing to solve the problem. As a result of our "indolence," unfortunately, we are becoming prey to the "active." Let me explain.
In a perfect world, each American citizen would be issued a single tamper-proof ID card associated both with biometric data (fingerprint, vein, iris and/or face) and with a national database that included legal resident or citizen status, criminal record and other information. And because this is a hypothetical perfect world, we could trust the gatekeepers of this system to keep it free from incompetence, hacking, loss, theft or corruption.
Such a system would essentially solve our otherwise intractable illegal immigration crisis, dramatically improve law enforcement, and make a huge dent in identity theft and other forms of fraud. Plus, it would be a handy way to speed airport security, check cashing and other mundane activities.
Some countries around the world are moving quickly to national, biometric ID card systems.
In the United States, however, public opposition to a national identity card is strong -- and stronger still for one associated with biometric data and national databases. Not only are we not moving toward a national biometric ID, we're not even seriously discussing it.
Behind this opposition lies the assumptions that Americans don't need a national ID card or number and also don't trust biometric security. Interestingly, these are easily proved false.
Americans Need National ID
In the absence of a national ID card, companies and other organizations use the Social Security (SS) card, social security number or part of the social security number for identification.
Meanwhile, the counterfeiting of social security cards (a trivial achievement), is the leading form of identity theft in the United States. Because it's the only thing even approaching a national identity number, it's used as authentication by banks and other institutions.
The Federal Trade Commission warns citizens to never carry a card with a visible social security card in their wallets -- and never write the number on checks. Yet according to an AP article published today, the federal Medicare agency and the Defense Department require 52 million Americans to carry cards that clearly display the holder's SS numbers. The Internal Revenue Service tells taxpayers to write their SS numbers on tax payment checks.
The government can't even follow its own advice. The government, private companies and citizens need a national ID system, and we will -- and in fact do -- have one. It's just a very bad one.